These materials are by Canadian attorney Samuel Hyman. WDA shares these materials with his permission and the permission of CJE. The materials are for use by licensed defense attorneys only. These materials are not to be construed as providing specific advice on a particular matter or client issue and are not a substitute for retaining and consulting a lawyer about a specific legal problem and receiving specific legal advice about any legal matter. Although the law reviewed is current to the date of publication—September 23, 2016– immigration laws are subject to frequent– and often sudden—change. Do not rely on these materials without checking as to any subsequent changes in the applicable law.